Sex and Age Group Focus on Outcomes after Multimodal Rehabilitation for Patients with Chronic Pain in Northern Sweden
Keywords:sex, men, pain rehabilitation, Swedish Quality Registry of Pain, women
Objectives: To investigate the outcomes of a multimodal rehabilitation programme (MMRP) regarding pain intensity, emotional functioning, activity and physical functioning, social response, and health, with regard to sex and age.
Methods: This retrospective longitudinal study was based on data from patients at 2 specialist pain clinics in northern Sweden immediately after MMRP (short-term) and at 1-year follow-up (long-term). Data from 439 patients were analysed according to sex and to age groups 18–30, 31–45 and 46–65 years.
Results: The men improved with larger effect sizes (ESs) than women immediately after MMRP. The youngest age group showed improvements with greater ESs compared with the older age groups, both in the short and long term. Social support decreased for both women and men and in all 3 age groups in the long term. Improvements in both the short and long term were found in pain intensity, emotional functioning, and activity and physical functioning, in both women and men, as well as the different age groups.
Conclusion: Both women and men with chronic pain, and from all of the different age groups, benefitted from MRRP. Since improvements for men were not sustained over time, they may need further support after the programme.
This study aimed to determine the outcomes of a multimodal rehabilitation programme in sex and age groups regarding pain intensity, emotional functioning, activity and physical functioning, social response, and health. Data from 439 patients from 2 specialist pain clinics in northern Sweden were analysed according to sex and age groups 18–30, 31–45 and 46–65 years. Improvements were found in both women and men and in all age groups, in both the short and long term, regarding pain intensity, emotional functioning, and activity and physical functioning. Improvements among the men did not sustain over time to the same extent as for women. This study shows that men, women and the 3 age groups improve, both in short and long term, after a multimodal pain rehabilitation programme.
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2022 Linda Spinord, Gunilla Stenberg, Ann-Charlotte, Britt-Marie Stålnacke
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/), allowing third parties to copy and redistribute the material in any medium or format and to remix, transform, and build upon the material for non-commercial purposes, provided proper attribution to the original work.