Occupational and Physiotherapy modalities used to support interdisciplinary rehabilitation after concussion: A Scoping Review
Keywords:Commotio cerebri, mild traumatic brain injury, mTBI, concussion, post commotio syndrome, rehabilitation modalities
Objective: To identify and describe occupational and physiotherapy rehabilitation modalities used to support an interdisciplinary rehabilitation in adults (aged 16 + years) with concussion.
Methods: A scoping review methodology was used. Included studies were categorized according to Wade’s elements of rehabilitation and the Danish White Paper definition of rehabilitation.
Results: Ten studies were included in this review, addressing: “assessment” (n = 9), “goal-setting” (n = 4), “training” (n = 10), and “social participation and discharge support” (n = 4). Interventions were delivered mainly by physiotherapists or an interdisciplinary team. In two studies occupational therapists were part of the interdisciplinary team. Randomized controlled trials more often addressed several of the rehabilitation elements using interdisciplinary intervention delivery. No studies specifically aimed their intervention at patients with acute or subacute concussion.
Conclusion: The therapeutic modalities identified were: (i) manual and sensory motor interventions; (ii) physical exercises; and (iii) management of, or coping with, symptoms. More research is needed on how to better support social participation and discharge or return to work in the rehabilitation process. In addition, interventions delivered in the acute phases of concussion need further exploration.
Individuals with prolonged or persisting symptoms from a concussion often struggle to participate in activities of daily living, and their quality of life and work ability is affected. Interdisciplinary rehabilitation is recommended, and it is recognized that occupational and physiotherapy is important to support the interdisciplinary rehabilitation and promote recovery. However, this scoping review found that occupational therapists were seldom part of the interdisciplinary rehabilitation team. Furthermore, the physiotherapy and occupational rehabilitation modalities used consisted of manual or sensory motor interventions, physical exercise interventions, and management and coping. Only a few studies included social participation and discharge support as a part of the rehabilitation. No studies specifically aimed their intervention at preventing prolonged symptoms in patients with acute or subacute concussion. There is a need for more research into how to better support social participation and discharge in the rehabilitation process. Also, interventions delivered in the acute phases of concussion need further exploration.
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2023 Mille Nabsen Marwaa, Heidi Klakk Egebæk, Julie Dalgaard Guldager
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
All digitalized JRM contents is available freely online. The Foundation for Rehabilitation Medicine owns the copyright for all material published until volume 40 (2008), as from volume 41 (2009) authors retain copyright to their work and as from volume 49 (2017) the journal has been published Open Access, under CC-BY-NC licences (unless otherwise specified). The CC-BY-NC licenses allow third parties to copy and redistribute the material in any medium or format and to remix, transform, and build upon the material for non-commercial purposes, provided proper attribution to the original work.