Skin Eosinophil Counts in Bullous Pemphigoid as a Prognostic Factor for Disease Severity and Treatment Response
Keywords:Bullous pemphigoid, Tissue eosinophils, Disease severity, Treatment response
Dermal infiltration of eosinophils and eosinophilic spongiosis are prominent features of bullous pemphigoid lesions. Although several observations support the pathogenic role of eosinophils in bullous pemphigoid, few studies have examined the impact of skin eosinophil counts on disease severity and treatment response. This retrospective study assessed the association between eosinophil counts in skin biopsy samples of 137 patients with bullous pemphigoid and their demographic characteristics, comorbidities, disease severity, and treatment response. There was no relationship between eosinophil count and age, sex, or disease severity at disease onset. There was a positive relationship between eosinophil counts and neurological comorbidity and a negative relationship between eosinophil counts and treatment response. At all follow-up points patients with no tissue eosinophils had a better response to treatment than patients with any tissue eosinophil count. In conclusion, skin eosinophil counts in patients with bullous pemphigoid are not correlated with disease severity at onset, but can serve as a negative prognostic marker for treatment response.
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