Long-term perceived disabilities up to 10 years after transient ischaemic attack

Authors

  • Jenni Andersson
  • Britt-Marie Stålnacke
  • Ann Sörlin
  • Gustaf Magaard
  • Xiaolei Hu

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.2340/16501977-2808

Keywords:

transient ischaemic attack, perceived impact, Stroke Impact Scale, long-term outcome, daily activity, participation.

Abstract

Background: The long-term impact of transient ischaemic attack is largely unknown. Objectives: To assess the long-term perceived impact of transient ischaemic attack and explore the influence of sex and age on these perceptions; and to evaluate the relationships between activities of daily living, participation and overall recovery, and the other domains of the Stroke Impact Scale 3.0 (SIS). Methods: A retrospective study among adult community-dwelling individuals from 6 months up to 10 years after onset of transient ischaemic attack. A total of 299 survivors of transient ischaemic attack responded to the SIS. Results: Most self-reported disabilities involved emotion, strength, and participation domains of SIS and remained stable until 10 years post-transient ischaemic attack. Women reported significantly more disabilities for emotion and hand function. Elderly subjects (age >?65 years) reported more disabilities for strength, mobility, hand function, activities of daily living/instrumental activities of daily living, and participation. The activities of daily living/instrumental activities of daily living, participation, and overall recovery demonstrated significant, although low-to-moderate, associations with other SIS domains after transient ischaemic attack. Conclusion: The broadly perceived disabilities were demonstrated consistently and played a significant meaningful role in everyday life and recovery among community-dwelling individuals up to 10 years after a transient ischaemic attack. These findings indicate the need for long-term multi-professional follow-up with holistic rehabilitation to improve overall recovery among survivors of transient ischaemic attack.

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Published

2021-03-22

How to Cite

Andersson, J., Stålnacke, B.-M., Sörlin, A., Magaard, G., & Hu, X. (2021). Long-term perceived disabilities up to 10 years after transient ischaemic attack. Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine, 53(3 (March), 1–6. https://doi.org/10.2340/16501977-2808

Issue

Section

Original Report