Decreased Serum Level of Interleukin-22 Correlates with Hepcidin in Patients with Hidradenitis Suppurativa

Authors

  • Malgorzata Ponikowska
  • Łukasz Matusiak
  • Monika Kasztura
  • Ewa Jankowska
  • Jacek C. Szepietowski Department of Dermatology, Venereology and Allergology, Wroclaw Medical University, ul. Chalubinskiego 1, PL-50-368 Wrocław, Poland

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.2340/00015555-3928

Keywords:

hidradenitis suppurativa, cytokines, interleukin-22, hepcidin

Abstract

Current understanding of the underlying pathophysiology of hidradenitis suppurativa (HS) links the disease with proinflammatory activation and autoimmune processes. This study investigated serum levels of interleukin (IL)-22, a cytokine critically involved in epithelial homeostasis, in the context of the broad clinical spectrum of patients with HS. The study also assessed the relationship between serum IL-22 and pro-inflammatory activation (as evidenced by serum level of IL-6) and serum hepcidin (central regulator of systemic iron homeostasis). Serum concentrations of IL-22 were assessed in 74 patients with HS and 15 healthy subjects. Compared with healthy controls, patients with HS demonstrated decreased levels of serum IL-22 (median; interquartile range (IQR): 12.4 pg/ml (9.8; 23.5) vs 34.8 pg/ml (24.8; 39.8), p < 0.001 vs controls). Disease severity (assessed both with Hurley staging and Hidradenitis Suppurativa Severity Index) did not differentiate IL-22 levels (p > 0.1 in both comparisons). Serum levels of IL-22 and IL-6 did not correlate with each other (R=–0.17, p = ns). In a subgroup of 24 patients with HS with pro-inflammatory activation, the mean level of IL-22 was similar to that of the remaining patients (median (IQR): 9.8 pg/ml (8.5; 15.0) vs 12.0 pg/ml (9.4; 16.3), p = ns). Patients with HS demonstrated a decreased level of hepcidin (mean: 31.3 ± 25.9 pg/ml), which correlated with the levels of IL-22 (R=0.36, p < 0.05). Patients with HS demonstrated significantly decreased levels of serum IL-22, which was neither correlated with pro-inflammatory status nor associated with disease severity, but correlated modestly with serum hepcidin.

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Published

2021-09-22

How to Cite

Ponikowska, M., Matusiak, Łukasz, Kasztura, M., Jankowska, E., & Szepietowski, J. C. (2021). Decreased Serum Level of Interleukin-22 Correlates with Hepcidin in Patients with Hidradenitis Suppurativa. Acta Dermato-Venereologica, 101(9), adv00558. https://doi.org/10.2340/00015555-3928