Incidence Rate of Hand Eczema in Different Occupations: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis

Authors

  • Wasim Jamil
  • Åke Svensson
  • Anna Josefson
  • Magnus Lindberg
  • Laura von Kobyletzki Department of Occupational and Environmental Dermatology, Malmö, Lund university,

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.2340/actadv.v102.360

Keywords:

hand eczema, epidemiology, occupation, incidence

Abstract

Hand eczema is a chronic disease that results in economic and psychosocial burdens. The aim of this study was to systematically review and assess the magnitude of the association between exposure related to occupations and the incidence rate of hand eczema. A systematic search in PubMed, EMBASE, CINAHL and Cochrane databases, from inception to September 2017, of full-text observational studies reporting incident cases of hand eczema during employment, and a supplementary search in PubMed to September 2020, were conducted. Among 2,417 screened abstracts, 15 studies fulfilled the inclusion criteria. Incidence rates were reported per 100 person-years. Based on the Newcastle-Ottawa Scale, 9 studies were good quality, 2 fair quality, and 4 poor quality. Hairdressers had a high incidence of hand eczema of 21.4 (95% confidence interval [CI] 15.3–27.4), as did nurses, 16.9 (95% CI 11.2–22.7), and metal workers, 12.4 (95% CI 3.5–21.3). Hairdressers were predominantly women, and metal worker were predominantly men. Office occupations had an incidence rate of hand eczema of 4.9 (95% CI 1.2–9.6). The high risk of hand eczema for hairdressers, nurses, and metal workers, should be considered by healthcare policymakers. Even occupations with low irritant profile, such as office workers, were at risk of developing hand eczema, and more occupations should be investigated regarding the related risk of developing hand eczema.

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Published

2022-03-25

How to Cite

Jamil, W., Svensson, Åke, Josefson, A., Lindberg, M., & von Kobyletzki, L. (2022). Incidence Rate of Hand Eczema in Different Occupations: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis. Acta Dermato-Venereologica, 102, adv00681. https://doi.org/10.2340/actadv.v102.360

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