Chitinase-3-like Protein 1 (YKL-40): A New Biomarker of Inflammation in Pyoderma Gangrenosum
Keywords:pyoderma gangrenosum, chitinase-3-like protein 1, YKL-40, biomarker, inflammation
Pyoderma gangrenosum (PG) is a rare, neutrophilic dermatosis with unclear aetiopathology, considered as an autoinflammatory disease, associated with other immune-mediated disorders. Chitinase-3-like protein 1 (YKL-40) is an inflammatory biomarker secreted by a wide variety of cells, including neutrophils. To evaluate YKL-40 serum level in relation to clinicopathological data, 48 patients with PG and 40 healthy controls were enrolled in the study. Skin lesions were measured to calculate the affected area. Inflammatory parameters (C-reactive protein, white blood cell count with neutrophils) were determined from blood samples. YKL-40 and IL-6 levels were measured in serum by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. YKL-40 serum level was significantly higher in patients with PG than in controls (58.4 vs 36.4 ng/ml, respectively; p < 0.00001). The positive correlation between YKL-40 level and IL-6 level was observed (r=0.48, p = 0.0006) along with a trend towards significance of relationship between YKL-40 level and C-reactive protein (r=0.28, p = 0.052). YKL-40 can be considered a valuable biomarker of inflammation in PG.
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